Debates: International

31 May 2016

At the referendum on whether the UK should leave the European Union a key issue will be the economy. Many voters will ask themselves whether they personally will be better off if the UK stays in or leaves. The economy is quite possibly the most important area of debate in the referendum; trust...

23 May 2016

Security is not at the heart of the debate about leaving the EU, that is undoubtedly economics, nor is it the issue of most sentimental concern, that would be sovereignty and identity. While it may not be the deciding issue for many it is still an important issue in the referendum. People are...

5 Apr 2016

The EU referendum taking place in the UK may not be fought on the UK’s place in the world but it is certainly one of the central issues. Before the end of 2017 the people of the UK will have the opportunity to decide whether their destiny remains within the European Union or outside of it...

1 Mar 2016

On the 23rd of June 2016 the United Kingdom will hold a referendum on its membership of the European Union. It will be the first such referendum in the UK since 1974 and there is a real chance of the country exiting the EU. The Prime Minister, David Cameron, will lead the campaign to...

24 Feb 2016

Ever since the beginning of an attempt at revolution in Syria which turned into a civil war from June 2011 Syria has become the biggest humanitarian crisis in the world. The war led to the formation of many rebel factions including what has become Daesh (Islamic State/ISIS). The conflict...

11 Dec 2015

The ‘New START’ Treaty (for Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) is a bilateral nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation that was signed in Prague on April 8, 2010. It is a follow-up to the 1991 START I treaty, which expired in December 2009, and...

7 Dec 2015

The latest report (fifth) from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) put the blame for climate change firmly on humanity. The chair of the working group on Physical Science notes “We give very relevant guidance on the total amount of carbon that can't be emitted to stay...

7 Dec 2015

In December 2015 the leaders of the world, and large numbers of negotiators, gathered in Paris for the 21st Conference of the Parties. The Conference of the Parties (COP) brings together all the countries of the world once a year with a continuing mission to tackle climate change....

30 Nov 2015

Syria, a relatively small but pivotal Middle Eastern Country, has been on a downward spiral since March 2011 when there were peaceful street protests calling for the President, Bashar al Assad, to step down. Assad responded with force, firing on the protestors in Daara on 21st March,...

30 Nov 2015

In Syria there have now been almost two years of conflict between the Ba’ath Party of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and a fractured Arab spring inspired rebellion that incorporates a broad Syrian National Coalition, Kurds and Mujahideen from around the Middle East. It is now clear that...

30 Nov 2015

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) won the Nobel prize for peace on the 11th October 2013 “for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons”. The Nobel prize committee argued “Recent events in Syria, where chemical weapons have...

30 Nov 2015

In March 2012 Kofi Annan, the former UN secretary general, came up with a peace plan for Syria. It was endorsed by the western powers, and by both Russia and China who had previously prevented sanctions against Syria passing in the United Nations Security Council. Most importantly Syria itself...

30 Nov 2015

On November 23rd, 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Committee passed a resolution condemning President Bashar al-Assad and the Syrian government for the ongoing deadly crackdown on anti-government demonstrators in Syria[1]. Passing with a large...

12 Oct 2015

John Atta Mills the President of Ghana died suddenly on the 24th July 2012. Or at least it appeared sudden to Ghanaians at the time. In fact he had been suffering from throat cancer for some time but his administration had not been open about his health. Serious questions had already...

7 Sep 2015

The issue of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (with apologies to Argentinian readers, the English name is used for consistency on this page) is a dense and hotly contested one.  This debate rather asks whether the UK should pass control to Argentina.  While this naturally...

7 Sep 2015

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation was founded in 1949 as a political and military alliance binding western European democracies such as Britain and France together with the USA and Canada. It was intended to defend Europe against Soviet communism, which in response built the Warsaw Pact as...

2 Sep 2015

Mobility remains a key factor for development - a means of enabling the development of economic markets at a local, national, and regional scale (WDR, 2009). The World Bank classifies Africa as a continent that remains largely ‘immobile’. Borders are identified as a key restriction...

26 Aug 2015

The International Criminal Court (ICC) began in 2002, formed under the Rome Statute  to try the most serious of war crimes when sovereign nations are not in a position to do so themselves. The ICC is an independent international organisation, outside of the United Nations system, and runs...

24 Aug 2015

In many Western countries, the topic of illegal immigrants sits high on the political agenda. This is the result of an increase in illegal immigrants residing in these countries, and the internal tensions that arise from these movements.As a response, countries such as the US, Canada and the EU...

24 Aug 2015

Migration has greatly increased in recent years, bringing into question whether current legislation provides sufficient protections for migrants’ well-being, and at what cost. As some countries take in large numbers of immigrants, and others lose people who emigrate away, different states...

20 Feb 2015

Greece’s economic woes have been at the forefront of the Eurozone debt crisis over the last few years. It has received bailout packages in the form of emergency low interest rate loans in excess of €200 billion and has written off a portion of the existing public debt. Greece’s...

28 Aug 2014

On 9 December 1948, the United Nations adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide1. This is heralded as the first distinct milestone on the road to international protection of human rights. The CPPG outlines the international definition of genocide, re-affirms...

28 Aug 2014

The War in Darfur refers to the civil war taking place in Darfur, Sudan. Unlike the Second Sudanese Civil War, this is believed to be an ethnic, rather than a religious war, though it has racial overtones and grew out of the existing Sudanese Civil War.

The people of Darfur occupied an...

7 May 2014

Smoking tobacco, in all its forms, is a highly popular recreational drug. However, it is known that it is very harmful, and has been described by the World Health Organization as the single biggest cause of preventable death worldwide1...

29 Apr 2014

Cape Verde[1] is an archipelago nation with a population of around half a million people 500km off the coast of West Africa[2]. Formerly a Portuguese colony, it gained independence from Portugal in 1975...

24 Apr 2014

 Africa is a continent with great economic potential. Foreign investors are competing to enter the market and invest. That potential however is only in part met as a result of the limited role of women in the economy.

Currently one of the most important economic sectors in Africa is...

10 Apr 2014

In our globalized world with an increasingly international media, beauty standards for both men and women are becoming more internationalized - or, perhaps, Westernized. This has included skin tone, with cultural values in many countries favouring lighter skin tones.

One particular aspect...

28 Mar 2014

Lesotho is a small country of just over 30,355 km2 (12,727 sq. mi) in size with a population slightly over two million which is landlocked and completely surrounded by South Africa, a much bigger country 40 times the size and 26 times its population. This unusual situation of a country having no...

24 Mar 2014

Crimea will on the 16th have a referendum on whether the region should join Russia. It is almost certain that the people will ratify the decision of the Crimean Parliament that they want to be a region of Russia not Ukraine. Ukraine has maintained that such a referendum is illegal so...

18 Mar 2014

On the 27th February 2014 soldiers seized the Crimean Parliament. They did not have insignia but raised a Russian flag above the building.[1] The Crimean Parliament then voted to dissolve the regional government and elected a new pro-...