Debates: Economy

31 May 2016

At the referendum on whether the UK should leave the European Union a key issue will be the economy. Many voters will ask themselves whether they personally will be better off if the UK stays in or leaves. The economy is quite possibly the most important area of debate in the referendum; trust...

23 Sep 2015

The issue of big versus small government is a significant in the election campaigns of many countries – and has recently been the subject of many hysterical pronouncements in the US. In reality no incoming government does that much to change the overall size of government as there are, in...

23 Sep 2015

This article will focus on some of the disagreements between capitalists and socialists, the debate will be located in a loose general framework between these two viewpoints and illustrate a couple of the most common propositional and counterarguments in the discourse. The core of the capitalist...

7 Sep 2015

Corruption is operationally defined as the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. Facilitation payments, where a bribe is paid to receive preferential treatment for something that the receiver is required to do by law (e.g. an official processing a license application), constitute "...

24 Aug 2015

An Amnesty can be defined as ‘a general pardon, esp for offences against a government’.[1] In the case of illegal immigrants this would be for the offence of entering and remaining in a country illegally and would in most cases not apply to those who...

24 Aug 2015

Asylum is the provision of a refugee for foreign citizens fleeing persecution in their own countries. Asylum-seekers, or refugees, are like other international migrants in seeking a new home in another country, but differ from economic migrants in their motivation. While economic migrants travel...

20 Feb 2015

Greece’s economic woes have been at the forefront of the Eurozone debt crisis over the last few years. It has received bailout packages in the form of emergency low interest rate loans in excess of €200 billion and has written off a portion of the existing public debt. Greece’s...

24 Apr 2014

 Africa is a continent with great economic potential. Foreign investors are competing to enter the market and invest. That potential however is only in part met as a result of the limited role of women in the economy.

Currently one of the most important economic sectors in Africa is...

11 Mar 2014

Slavery is the use or the threat of violence to make another do work without compensation, and usually involves the ownership of one person by another. It was abolished in the USA in 1865 and was universally abolished by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, although it has...

6 Mar 2014

The role of women in the family and the workplace has been an issue of great change and even greater implication throughout recent history. Changing social constructions of gender roles and family roles has led to a debate over the role of women in the home and the value or lack thereof placed...

12 Feb 2014

 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was founded in late 1950s as a mechanism against further food shortages in Europe. European leaders envisioned the CAP as a system of subsidies for damaged agricultural industry still affected by residues of WWII with several main goals stated in the Treaty...

29 Jan 2014

Tunisia is well known for its numerous tourist attractions and its holiday destinations on its coastline. In 2010, the tourism industry brought in a revenue of £1.18 billion (3.2 billion dinar)1. The industry employed 450,000 people directly and 2 million indirectly2...

24 Jan 2014

 Once Rio di Janeiro has hosted the 2016 Summer Olympics, Africa will be the only continent not to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games. Previous Olympic bids by African countries include Cairo for 2008 (which did not get past the first stage), and Cape Town, which came third in the voting...

23 Jan 2014

Gambling is risking money on a chance outcome. If you are lucky you get back more money than you wagered. If you are unlucky you lose your stake. There are many different forms of gambling. Some are games of pure chance, such as lotteries, roulette or slot machines. Some involve some expertise...

22 Jan 2014

The World Bank (2012) have provided data indicating, globally, 75% of the world’s poor are ‘unbanked’ - meaning 75% of the world’s poor do not have access to a bank account. In Sub-Saharan Africa the figure is 76% of adults (CARE, 2014). The focus on banking has taken two...

21 Jan 2014

In the 1990s the World Band and the IMF demanded that developing countries follow structural adjustment programmes to make their economies more market orientated. The resulting change to free market policy brought about changes in the labour market - changes in terms of who is involved in the...

9 Jan 2014

Tax is vital for a state; it is needed in order to carry out any of the functions of a state from national defence to welfare. However there is often a perception that Africa largely survives on handouts with a less developed taxation system. Investigating future trajectories for African...

6 Jan 2014

One of the biggest and most influential industries in the world is the oil business; oil companies are 7 of the world’s 20 biggest public companies and 7 of the top 10 by sales,[1] and these are not even the world’s biggest oil companies...

17 Dec 2013

Africa has abundant natural resources. From diamond and timber to oil, the continent has a large concentration of mineral wealth which has turned Africa in to a major exporter of these goods. There are 22 countries in Africa which are termed as resource rich, where oils and minerals count for...

9 Dec 2013

This debate centres around two crucial changes occurring across Africa: technology and a youthful population. The demographic transition, occurring internationally, showcases the rise of a ‘youth bulge’[1]. Across...

4 Dec 2013

Traditionally, there has been a view that Africa is a violent, dictator led, undeveloped continent. Extremes of poverty and weather, combined with exploitation, corruption and war are common themes when one thinks of Africa. Conventionally seen as the least developed continent in the world,...

22 Nov 2013

Foreign aid had grown significantly in absolute terms (if not as a percentage of GDP in the case of many developed countries) but this has shown up a paradox – as aid to Africa has grown, the continent has actually become poorer rather than better off. This is often contrasted with Asia....

22 Nov 2013

It is clear that there are a lot of very serious issues that the African governments have to solve when dealing with the threats to the population’s security.  Security can be narrowly or broadly defined but even when narrowly defined as protection against physical harms, such as...

7 Nov 2013

Low unemployment is not only crucial for a functioning economy, but for a society. After the 2007 financial crisis and start of the Eurozone crisis in 2009, and subsequent worldwide sluggish economy, unemployment has become more of a problem in the European Union. Concerns about debt and growth...

5 Nov 2013

Development is the sustained increase in standards of living of a country. There however is no individual indicator that shows that a country is considered developed. The proxy that is usually used is Gross Domestic product per capita which is the total amount a nation produces divided by the...

1 Nov 2013

In the middle of the 1990s the formerly nationalised British Rail was privatised. The resulting franchise system has regularly been criticised for increasing prices, delays and bad service, as well as for the amount of state money that still goes into the system....

30 Oct 2013

High-speed rail (HSR) is a type of passenger rail transport that operates significantly faster than the normal speed of rail traffic. Specific definitions by the European Union include 200 km/h (124 mph) for upgraded track and 250 km/h (155 mph) or faster for new track.

In Japan,...

30 Oct 2013

The European Union has since its inception had European integration beyond trade as its overarching goal. In recent years, it has moved towards an increasingly closer political union. Many political competences that used to belong to nations have been transferred to permanent EU institutions...

24 Oct 2013

In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness where the issuer, in this case the government or the European Union, is indebted to the holder (a form of loan). The terms may vary but the issuer is obliged to pay the holder interest and/or to repay the holder at a later date, termed the...

30 Sep 2013

In most developed countries, people who are unable to find work are given "benefits" or "welfare" money to support them whilst they are out of work. Traditionally, people are not required to do any work in return for this money.

In the US, "work-fare" was...