Debates: Culture

10 Apr 2014

In our globalized world with an increasingly international media, beauty standards for both men and women are becoming more internationalized - or, perhaps, Westernized. This has included skin tone, with cultural values in many countries favouring lighter skin tones.

One particular aspect...

6 Mar 2014

Female genital mutilation or FGM is often referred to as 'female circumcision'. It refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural, religious or any other non-medical reasons. Four...

6 Mar 2014

The feminist movement is difficult to define. In essence, it is composed of people who adhere to an ideology, feminism, which originates from philosophical principles of equality. As such, they oppose any kind of dehumanisation or exploitation, in particular when targeted at women. In practice,...

17 Feb 2014

The case study: Censoring hip-hop music in London

“Guns, bitches and bling were never part of the four elements of hip hop and never will be.” Scroobius Pip, ‘Thou Shalt Always Kill

Recurrent themes in discussions on popular culture are the origins and impact of...

27 Jan 2014

The last few years have seen a renewed enthusiasm for atheism and secularism in much of the world and debates between believers and non-believers have become ever more vigorous. One distinction that is frequently made, particularly by theists, is that between faith and religion. Whether such a...

17 Jan 2014

We are increasingly warned that there is no single story. Narratives are dangerous, and recognition is required on the complex, dynamic experiences, and perspectives, of daily life. This debate focuses on whether Africa’s rising cultural industry provides an opportunity to rewrite Africa...

25 Dec 2013

Many people's ideal Christmas day involves snowy weather. Christmas cards often feature snow- white landscapes, along with polar bears, penguins and other cuddly animals from arctic areas. Christmas decorations and displays often involve fake snow or snowflake designs. And the song, "I...

17 Dec 2013

Since their inception and migration into homes during the early nineties, videogames have been about conflicts that need resolving. There are some that buck the trend, but the overarching plot in most games usually involves a protagonist and his need to defeat some villain. Further, over the...

14 Nov 2013

For many people, Santa Claus is the most important person in the celebration of Christmas. His origins are disputed, with many recognising him as St Nicholas, an early Christian saint noted for his generosity and love for children. Others view him as a descendant of northern European gods and...

20 Sep 2013

Advertising has grown to be an industry worth many billions of dollars across the world. Online advertising alone is believed to be worth $24 billion a year1. Almost all public space has some advertisements in sight and all forms of media, from newspapers to the cinema, are also...

12 Sep 2013

According to the UNESCO “Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage”, the following are constituted as objects of “cultural heritage”:

‘monuments: architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements or...

12 Sep 2013

The use of children (for the purposes of this article, anyone younger than eighteen years-of-age) in warfare has been a continuous feature of all human conflicts, but declined rapidly in Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. The intensive development of the laws and customs of war...

29 Aug 2013

This debate will in large part be focused in the UK. At the time of writing, press freedom in the United Kingdom has become a significant issue as a result of the phone tapping scandal and the subsequent...

28 Jun 2013

Bullying can be any form of behavior, physical or verbal, intended to berate, humiliate, scare, or harass another person. The behavior is usually repetitive, and can extend over a long period of time. Bullies are frequently in a position of power over their victims, either physical or social....

26 Jun 2013

Almost all countries have, in one form or another, at least one public service broadcaster, These often exist alongside privately owned commercial rivals. Many of these PSBs (Public Service Broadcasters) were created around the 1920’s out of technological necessity rather than ideological...

13 Jun 2013

The creative arts might be considered to include painting and sculpture but also drama, poetry and creative writing, dance, composition and music, and others. This debate will not focus on literature and other disciplines, such as History of Art, where the main role is to analyze the creative...

6 Jun 2013

Creative commons licenses are a kind of copyright license that gives people the right to use, share, and expand upon artists’ work. They offer users of content significant protection against accusations of copyright infringement and are even believed by advocates to offer artists greater...

20 May 2013

Poetry is a literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic an evocative qualities as well as the language's normal meaning. Poetry dates back as far as any literature, to the first civilization in Mesopotamia with the Sumerian epic Gilgamesh. It undoubtedly has a long pedigree but...

8 May 2013

Wikipedia is a free online encyclopaedia produced entirely by the voluntary efforts of hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world. It was founded in by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger in 2001, after an earlier effort to build a traditional “expert” encyclopaedia online got bogged down...

2 May 2013

Throughout the world, celebrities from the entertainment world have been getting involved with political campaigns. Some, like Reagan and Schwarzenegger in the US, crossed the divide and stood for (and gained) positions of political power, whilst others have been involved in the endorsement of...

30 Apr 2013

The outing of gay celebrities is a difficult debate based around the balancing of societal benefit from the act with the rights of individuals to retain their right to privacy over their sexual orientation. Many gay rights activists support the act with websites such as “Queer Attitude”...

24 Feb 2013

Around 1440 German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invented one of the most important and influential inventions of the second millennium, the printing press, and it was from the advent of this technology that the newspaper was born. Newspapers went from strength to strength and they...

15 Feb 2013

Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation is a multinational media corporation with interests in books, cable and satellite television, films, magazines, newspapers and websites. It is influential around the world and in its portfolio News Corporation includes very influential channels and...

15 Feb 2013

The idea of a government intervening to preserve a free press may sound anathema at first glance but, in reality, it’s actually fairly common. In recent years the decline in advertising revenue and plummeting levels of subscription – both as a result of the internet – have served as hammer blows...

14 Feb 2013

The border between North and South Korea is the most heavily fortified in the world. Officially, the Korean War has never ended and the two countries have maintained merely a nervous coexistence since the end of formal hostilities in 1953. Both sides maintain enormous armies and have mandatory...

1 Feb 2013

English is the language of the superpower that is America, the Internet and of computers. Therefore, it is not uncommon to see and hear European languages laden with Anglicisms. This English influence over French words is known as Franglais. This word itself is a fusion of Français and Anglais,...

4 Dec 2012

The promotion of the body beautiful, some would say the 'obsession' with it, has become a cause for concern in recent years. Arguably this has always been the case but a growth in various eating disorders, hospital admissions for such disorders were up by 16% in the England from 2011-...

16 Nov 2012

This debate is not about whether it is right for human beings to farm and eat other animals - this is covered in the debates on animal rights and vegetarianism. Neither is it about zoos, which are also covered in their own debate. Rather this debate is about various other uses of animals for...

15 Nov 2012

The case: The private life of a national hero

To mark the 70th anniversary of the death of the Turkish Republic’s founder, Kemal Atatürk, in November 2008, journalist and documentary filmmaker Can Dündar set out to produce, “The complete story of Atatürk [which] has been told neither to...

30 Oct 2012

Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder defined as severe, self- inflicted starvation leading to body weight at least 15% below that expected for the individual’s sex and height and age. According to the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) of the...